New York Marijuana Use Laws
New York law allows state residents 21 years of age and older to possess up to 1 ounce of marijuana. Consumption is permitted anywhere tobacco smoking is allowed, but not within 500 feet of a school or 200 feet of a place of worship.
Marijuana, also known as weed, herb, pot, grass, ganja, and Mary Jane, is smoked in hand-rolled cigarettes called joints or in pipes, bongs, or blunts; it can also be eaten as an edible or brewed into tea.
While marijuana is still illegal under federal law, 23 states, three U.S. territories and the District of Columbia allow for the recreational use of cannabis. These laws permit the sale and possession of small amounts, and may also authorize personal cultivation of up to nine plants (with only two of these mature at any given time for medical patients).
Employers can discipline employees for being under the influence of marijuana while working unless it would violate state or federal antidiscrimination laws. In addition, employers can use in-house or contracted Drug Recognition Experts to test employees for impairment while performing safety-sensitive jobs.
Marijuana is classified as a Schedule I substance under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 because it has no recognized medical use and a high potential for abuse. However, the Rohrabacher-Farr amendment in the U.S. budget prevents the Justice Department from using federal funds to interfere with state medical cannabis programs. The amendment must be renewed each fiscal year.
Many ways are used to consume marijuana, including smoking and ingesting in food. It is important to be aware of the method of use for medical purposes because different methods affect the user differently and may have implications on health outcomes.
Smoking and vaping are illegal in some public places, such as schools, sports fields with spectator areas and workplaces. Also, some municipalities have bylaws that prohibit smoking on private property.
It is against the law to possess, purchase or grow more than 1 oz of cannabis and it is illegal to manufacture, distribute, dispense, administer or sell marijuana and drug paraphernalia. These offences are punishable by fines and/or imprisonment.
People with previous marijuana related convictions might find it harder to travel to the United States, although adjudicating officers can grant a waiver. A medical diagnosis might be required to prove a disability and the need for accommodation. People wishing to apply for housing or student loans might be asked for medical evidence as well.
The risks of marijuana use include impaired motor skills and altered perceptions of reality. Marijuana also may cause hallucinations or feelings of depression. Because of these risks, it is important not to drive after using marijuana.
Surveys show that the number of Americans 12 and older who report daily marijuana use has increased since 2007, reaching a level higher than the peak in the late 1990s. The surveys also show that the percentage of people who think that marijuana has a high risk of harm is decreasing, which could lead to even higher use rates.
The legalization of marijuana can raise numerous business costs for banks and credit unions, including additional security costs, hiring additional staff to handle new business, and working with outside vendors. Additionally, marijuana laws vary greatly by state, county, and municipality. For example, cannabis sales and possession may be a misdemeanor or a felony, with varying penalties and sanctions. Legal and regulatory changes also have implications for other elements of the business, such as the legal status of property.
If your teen is caught with marijuana, the consequences may include probation, community service, a suspended driver’s license or fines and fees. In addition, a conviction on a juvenile’s record can interfere with future school, employment and housing opportunities.
Parents should talk to their children about the dangers of marijuana, especially in middle school and high school when use is highest. This can help frame a healthy attitude towards drug use and promote a more positive relationship with peers.
Stories like Charlotte’s Web and Dr. Gupta’s change of heart have helped shift opinions about medicinal marijuana. Many physicians are now supporting its use, especially for reducing nausea and stimulating appetite in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. The drug is also effective for pain control, easing glaucoma symptoms, and in helping to manage the weight loss associated with HIV therapy. Research is underway to see if it can treat other conditions, including PTSD and fibromyalgia. It is not, however, effective for treating depression or anxiety.